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2015年同等学力人员申请硕士学位 外国语水平全国统一考试(模拟试卷一)

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2015年同等学力人员申请硕士学位

外国语水平全国统一考试(模拟试卷一)

 

ENGLISH QUALIFICATION TEST

FOR MASTER-DEGREE APPLICANTS

 

 

Part 1 Oral Communication (15 minutes 10 points)

 

Section A:

Directions:  In this section, there are two dialogues between two speakers , each has three blanks and three choices marked A,B, and C taken from the dialogue. Fill in each of the blanks with the choices to complete the dialogue. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET.

 

Dialogue One

A.      I haven’t got any definite plans yet

B.       I’m afraid I can’t

C.       Speaking

 

B: Hello

A: Is this Helen?

B: (1)___________________. Who’s it?

B: Oh, hi, it’s Tom.

A: Oh, Tom, yes, Hello!

B: How’s everything?

A: Good! What’s up?

B: I was wondering if you were free tomorrow?

A: Tomorrow? Well, Um…(2) _____________________ Why?

B: I’m planning a ten year anniversary reunion with former classmates.

A: really! How nice! What time?

B: Tomorrow evening.

A: oh, shoot! (3)_____________________. I’ve got an appointment with the boss.

 

 

Dialogue Two

 

A.it broke down yesterday

B.  About what

C.  my car is on its last legs

 

A.    I am good. Um, Susan? There’s something I have to ask you?

B.     (4)__________________________?

A.    Well, you know,_(5)____________________, it’s really not holding up very well.

B.     Right. It acted up the other day I borrowed it from you.

A.    Sometimes, when I was driving the car, I wondered if I could ever make it to the destination. And it happened.

B.     It did?

A.    Yes, (6)___________________________.

 

Section B:

Directions:  In this section, there is an interview between two speakers , which has four blanks and four choices marked A,B, C and D taken from the interview. Fill in each of the blanks with the choices to complete the interview. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET.

 

A.When it is hot

B. Well, that is a good question

C. Just how many people are overweight?

D. the hotter the climate

 

A: Mike, why are so many Americans overweight?

B: Well, (7)_______________________, Yume. You’d think that with the current fitness craze in the U.S., there wouldn’t be so many overweight Americans.

A:_(8)_____________________________

B: About 40% of Americans are overweight. Interestingly, one study says that low-income groups have a higher percentage of overweight people than higher income families.

A: are there any other facts like that in the study?

B: Yes. The study also said that (9)______________________, the lower the percentage of obese people.

A: That makes sense. (10)_____________________, you usually don’t feel like eating a lot.

 

Part II Vocabulary (10 minutes, 10 points)

 

Directions: In this section there are 10 sentences, each with one word or phrase underlined. Choose the one from the 4 choices marked A, B, C and D that best keeps the meaning of the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.

 

11.The Lantern Festival is popularly regarded as the Chinese Valentine’s  Day because in days of old it gave girls and boys a rare chance to go out in the evening and mingle.

A. referred to                         B. inferred   from            

   C. preferred                        D. conferred

 

12.He could hardly control  his temper when he saw the state of his office.

   A. hold in           B. hold up       

   C. hold off          D. hold out

 

13.The researchers have come up with numerous explanations tojustify their failures.

A.lead to    B.charge for   C.call for    D.account for

 

14.Although the false banknotes fooled many people, they could not live up to close examination.

   A put up with              B keep up with    C stand up to           D look up to

 

15. We have been hearing positive accounts of your work.

A favored            Bfavorable         C favorite            D favoring

 

16.Life is more important than the pressures and stresses that we place on ourselves over work and other commitments.

A.appointments    B.arrangements

C.obligations      D.devotions

 

17.She was __________ in asking questions I don’t know how to answer.

  A. persistent         B. resistant       C. insistent     D. consistent

 

18.They have not met for three years and havebarely written anything to each other.

  A. apparently        B. entirely        C. scarcely     D. slowly

 

19.In this glorious season, Durant has achieved great honor and recognition around the world.

A. attained      B. contained      C. reserved     D. required

 

20.It was sad to watch her condition deteriorate day by day.

A sympathetic            B pathetic                   C passionate        D potential

 

 

Part III Reading Comprehension (45 minutes, 25 points)

 

Section A

Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.

 

 

Text 1

For laymen ethnology is probably the most interesting of the biological sciences for the very reason that it concerns animals in their normal activities and therefore, if we wish, we can assess the possible dangers and advantages in our own behavioral roots. Ethnology also is interesting methodologically because it combines in new ways very scrupulous field observations with experimentation in laboratories.

The field workers have had some handicaps in winning respect for themselves. For a long time they were considered as little better than amateur animal-watchers --- certainly not scientists, since their facts were not gained by experimental procedures: they could not conform to the hard-and-fast rule that a problem set up and solved by one scientist must be tested by other scientists, under identical conditions and reaching identical results. Of course many situations in the lives of animals simply cannot be rehearsed and controlled in this way. The fall flocking of wild free birds can't be, or the homing of animals over long distances, or even details of spontaneous family relationships. Since these never can be reproduced in a laboratory, are they then not worth knowing about?

The ethnologists who choose field work have got themselves out of this impasse by greatly refining the techniques of observing. At the start of a project all the animals to be studied are live-trapped, marked individually, and released. Motion pictures, often in color, provide permanent records of their subsequent activities. Recording of the animals' voices by electrical sound equipment is considered essential, and the most meticulous notes are kept of all that occurs. With this material other biologists, far from the scene, later can verify the reports. Moreover, two field observers often go out together, checking each other's observations right there in the field.

Ethnology, the word, is derived from the Greek ethos, meaning the characteristic traits or features which distinguish a group --- any particular group of people or, in biology, a group of animals such as a species. Ethnologists have the intention of studying “the whole sequence of acts which constitute an animal's behavior.” In abridged dictionaries ethnology is sometimes defined simply as "the objective study of animal behavior," and ethnologists do emphasize their wish to eliminate myths.

 

21. In the first sentence, the word "laymen" means __________.

A.   people who stand aside             

B.   people who are not trained as biologists

C.   people who are amateur biologists    

D.   people who love animals

 

22. According to the passage, ethnology is __________

       A. a new branch of biology                    B. an old Greek science

       C. a pseudo-science                          D. a science for amateurs

 

23. "The field workers have handicaps in winning respect for themselves." This sentence means __________.

A.   ethnologists when working in the field are handicapped

B.   ethnologists have problems in winning recognition as scientists

C.   ethnologists are looked down upon when they work in the field

D.   ethnologists meet with lots of difficulties when doing field work

 

24. According to the explanation of the scientific rule of experiment in the passage,

“hard-and-fast” means experiment procedures __________.

A.   are difficult and quick to follow

B.   must be carried out in a strict and quick way

C.   must be followed strictly to avoid false and loose results

D.   hard and unreasonable for scientists to observe

 

25. The meaning of the underlined words in “the details of spontaneous family relationships” can be expressed as __________.

A.   natural family relationships

B.   quickly occurring family relationships

C.   animals acting like a natural family

D.   animal family behavior that cannot be preplanned or controlled

 

Text 2

The single greatest shift in the history of mass-communication technology occurred in the 15th century and was well described by Victor Hugo in a famous chapter of “Nortre-Dame de Paris”. It was a cathedral. On all parts of the giant building, statuary and stone representations of every kind, combined with huge windows of stained glass, told the stories of the Bible and the saints, displayed the intricacies of Christian theology, adverted to the existence of highly unpleasant demonic winged creatures, referred diplomatically to the majesties of political power, and, in addition, by means of bells in bell towers, told time for the benefit of all of Paris and much of France. It was an awesome engine of communication.

Then came the transition to something still more awesome. The new technology of mass communication was portable, could sit on your table, and was easily replicable, and yet, paradoxically, contained more information, more systematically presented, than even the largest of cathedrals. It was the printed book. Though it provided no bells and could not tell time, the over-all superiority of the new invention was unmistakable.

In the last ten or twenty years, we have been undergoing a more or less equivalent shift—this time to a new life as a computer-using population. The gain in portability, capability, ease, orderliness, accuracy, reliability, and information-storage over anything achievable by pen scribbling, typewriting, and cabinet filing is recognized by all. The progress for civilization is undeniable and, plainly, irreversible. Yet, just as the book's triumph over the cathedral divided people into two groups, one of which prospered, while the other lapsed into gloom, the computer's triumph has also divided the human race.

You have only to bring a computer into a room to see that some people begin at once to buzz with curiosity and excitement, sit down to conduct experiments, ooh and ah at the boxes and beeps, and master the use of the computer or a new program as quickly as athletes playing a delightful new game, But how difficult it is—how grim and frightful!—for the other people, the defeated class, whose temperament does not naturally respond to computers. The machine whirrs and glows before them and their faces twitch. They may be splendidly educated, as measured by book-reading, yet their instincts are all wrong, and no amount of manual-studying and mouse-clicking will make them right. Computers require a sharply different set of aptitudes, and, if the aptitudes are missing, little can be done, and misery is guaranteed.

Is the computer industry aware that computers have divided mankind into two new, previously unknown classes, the computer personalities and the non-computer personalities? Yes, the industry knows this. Vast sums have been expended in order to adapt the computer to the limitations of non-computer personalities. Apple's Macintosh, with its zooming animations and pull-down menus and little pictures of file folders and watch faces and trash cans, pointed the way. Such seductions have soothed the apprehensions of a certain number of the computer-averse. This spring, the computer industry's efforts are reaching a culmination of sorts. Microsoft, Bill Gates' giant corporation, is to bring out a program package called Microsoft Bob, designed by Mr. Gates' wife, Melinda French, and intended to render computer technology available even to people who are openly terrified of computers. Bob's principle is to take the several tasks of operating a computer, rename them in a folksy style, and assign to them the images of an ideal room in an ideal home, with furniture and bookshelves, and with chummy cartoon helpers (“Friends of Bob”) to guide the computer user over the rough spots, and, in that way, simulate an atmosphere that feels nothing like computers.

 

26. According to this passage, which of the following statements is NOT TRUE?

A.   It is because the cathedral of Notre-Dame in Paris had many bell-towers and could tell time to people that the writer regards it as an engine of mass communication.

B.   From cathedrals to books to computers the technology of communication has become more convenient, reliable and fast.

C.   Every time when a new communication means triumphed over the old, it divided mankind into two groups.

D.   Computer industry has been trying hard to make people accept computers.

 

27. The printed book is more progressive than the cathedral as a communication means, because __________.

A.   it could sit on your table and did no longer tell time

B.   it was more reliable and did not tell the stories of saints and demons

C.   it was small, yet contained more information

D.   it did not flatter religious and political power

 

28. The word "awesome" in the passage means __________.

       A. frightening                      B. causing fear and respect

       C. amazingly new                   D. awful

 

29. People who feel miserable with computers are those __________.

A.   who love reading books and writing with a pen or a typewriter

B.   who possess the wrong aptitudes of disliking and fearing new things

C.   who have not been trained to use computers

D.   who are born with a temperament that does not respond to computers

 

30. Melinda French designed Microsoft Bob which was to ease the misery of computer users by __________.

A.   making users feel that they are not dealing with machines

B.   making the program more convenient and cartoon-like

C.   adding home pictures to the program design

D.   renaming the computer tasks in a folksy style

 

Text 3

The folk songs have long been recognized as important keys to the thoughts and feelings of a people, but the dime novels, though sought by the collector and referred to in a general way by the social historians, are dismissed with a smile of amusement by almost everyone else. Neither folk songs nor dime novels were actually created by the plain people of America. But in their devotion to the ways of expression, the people made them their own. The dime novels, intended as it was for the great masses and designed to fill the pockets of both author and publisher, quite naturally sought the lowest common standard: themes that were found to be popular and attitudes that met with the most general approval. Moreover, the dime novels, reflecting a much wider range of attitudes and ideas than the folk songs, are the nearest thing we have had in this country to a true “proletarian” literature, that is, a literature written for the great masses of people and actually read by them.

     Although a study of our dime novels alone cannot enable anyone to determine what are the essential characteristics of the American tradition, it can contribute greatly to that end. Sooner or later, the researchers who have done much work in American literature will almost certainly turn their attention to these novels and all that kind. Let no one think, however, that these novels once so eagerly devoured by soldiers, lumberjacks, trainmen, hired girls, and adolescent boys now make exciting or agreeable reading even for the historians. As for the crowds today who get the thrill from the movies and the media, I fear that they would find these books of an earlier age deadly dull.

      

31. The dime novels were mainly intended to ________.

A.   amuse the great masses of people

B.   make money for authors and publishers

C.   enrich the ways of expression in literature

D.   express the plain people’s thoughts and feelings

 

32. The “lowest common standard” (Line 8, Paragraph 1) refers to ________.

A. the ways of expression people made their own

B. the standard disapproved of by the common people

C. themes and attitudes accepted by the greatest number of people

D. the standard that could reflect a wide range of attitudes and ideas

 

33. “Proletarian” (Line 11, Paragraph 1) literature is written ________.

A. by the plain people interested in art

B. to raise people’s level of intelligence

C. to reflect people’s thoughts and feelings

D. for and read by the great masses of people

 

34. The author believes that a study of dime novels would ________.

A. contribute little to social historians’ research

B. attract literary researchers’ attention sooner or later

C. be sufficient in itself in exploring the American tradition

D. not help determine the American tradition’s characteristics

 

35. Which of the following statements is true?

A. The dime novels of old time might not attract today’s readers.

B. The formal literature enables historians to understand common people.

C. The dime novels are now attached great importance by social historians

D. The once widely read books now make interesting reading for historians.

 

Text 4

Scandinavian countries, particularly Sweden, experience drastically differing conditions during certain times of the year. During early summer, in June and July, there are only four hours of night. Even during those hours, the sky remains blue and resembles what we call dusk.

     During the summer month, Swedes are active well into the night, and streets are crowded with people. The mood is positive, energetic, and friendly. In fact, human behavior seems to be significantly affected by the daily period of extensive sunlight.

     In Sweden, people with a history of depression appear to suffer more during sharp swings in light and dark cycles of spring and fall. Suicide attempts and electroshock treatments for severe depression are most popular then.

     Scandinavians report that they sleep several hours less each day during the summer than they do in the winter. Researchers say that when the human eye detects bright light, the result is a decrease in the hormone melatonin. This hormone regulates sleep and its reduction can keep you awake.

     Psychiatrists are hoping that exposure to bright light may help patients who are experiencing depression. Sweden is an ideal place to study the effects of light and darkness on people. In winter, there are as few hours of light as there are dark hours in the summer. The country’s far-north location is the reason for this phenomenon. Many Swedes report that they enjoy the drastic change in daylight from one season to another.

     Applications of findings from such research are not limited to the Scandinavians. Doctors who treat or seek to prevent depression in other countries are interested in the results. Employers who depend on workers assigned to the night shift would like to know how to increase their efficiency. Individuals who continuously work in the dark (miners, certain research scientists, etc.) may also wonder about the short-and-long-term effects of their working conditions. People who are planning to move from one climate to another may wish to consider the influence of sunshine or the lack of it on their moods and behavior.

 

36. The main purpose of this passage is to discuss ________.

A.   the effects of light and darkness on humans

B.   the climate of the Scandinavian countries          

C.   the cause and treatment of depression         

D.   the seasonal changes in Sweden

 

37. In Sweden, the number of light hours in winter is ________.

A. smaller than the number of dark hours in summer

B. larger than the number of light hours in summer

C. the same as the number of dark hours in summer

D. the same as the number of light hours in summer

 

38. During the long dark winter months, Swedes experience ________.

A.   more incidences of suicide

B.   higher rates of depression

C.   fewer treatments for depression                  

D.   a decrease in the hormone melatonin

 

39. The author seems to be ________ about the use of light in treating depression.

A. worried                                 B. negative                

C. doubtful                       D. positive

 

40. All of the following would be interested in research findings about the effects of light except ________.

A. psychiatrists                        B. employers                    

C. miners                             D. engineers

 

 

Section B

Directions: In this section, you are required to read one quoted blog and the comments on it.  The blog and comments are followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested 4 answers A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and mark the answer on the ANSWER SHEET.

 

“I would never send my son Will to public school. Of course, he will learn something, but not in school. And I will be his own teacher, because I know what is best for him. I know what he needs. In school, teachers have care for dozens of kids. They don’t have enough time for each kid. Attention and care are very important to kids. Keeping that in mind, what is best for a child, your child? Some children excel in a traditional school setting. They just do great. However, many do not thrive in such an environment. Many of the discipline problems in traditional schools are created by extremely bright children who are bored to death. What is more distressing is that reports abound about shooting rampages at school, teenagers gunning down unarmed guards, then cornering other victims in the classroom before killing themselves. The environment of public schools is horrible. You can’t ensure the safety of your children.”

 

Comment 1:

You must be kidding. Without a teaching degree, we can’t be the teachers. Besides, our children have to play with other kids. They have to learn to socialize and will never know how to communicate with other if they stay at home.

 

Comment 2:

I don’t see the point in it either. Parents are always too busy to spend time with their kids. How can they make sure their kids get the best education at home? That explains why nowadays getting your children into a good school is as difficult as anything and parents are anxious to prepare their children for various programs in order to be qualified for a renowned school.

 

Comment 3:

You nanny your kids too much, regulating everything the kids do. As a result, they may turn out to be too dependent on you.

 

Comment 4:

You may be right about the dangers surrounding our kids in schools. In a modern, violent, often deranged world, safeguards are necessary. Nowadays, if kids have quarrels with each other, they don’t get a black eye, they get killed.

 

41. Which of the following notions from the quoted blog is Not mentioned?

A. Traditional schools fail to give enough attention to each of the kids.

B. We can teach our own children at home.

C. Bright children are often source of trouble for public schools.

D. School violence is a threat to the safety of our children.

 

42. What comments agree with the notion in the quoted blog?

A. 1 and 2      B. 2 and 3     C. 2, 3 and 4    D. 4 only

 

43. In comment 4, what does the word “deranged” probably mean?

A. orderly      B. safeguarded    C. arranged    D. crazy

 

44. What does comment 4 suggest?

A. One can’t ensure the safety of your children in schools.

B. Children will get killed if they go to schools.

C. Children will have fights with teachers.

D. Modern world safeguards the life of our children.

 

45. Which one can be the best title for this report?

A. Self-education: a bright future for kids

B. Schooling at home or at school: that is a question

C. Traditional schooling is at the dead end

D. Children need attention and care

 

Part IV Cloze (10 minutes, 10 points)

 

Directions: In this part, there is a passage with 10 blanks. For each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the best answer for each blank and mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring ANSWER SHEET.

 

When women do become managers, do they bring a different style and different skills to the job? Are they better, or worse, managers than men? Are women more highly motivated and __46__ than male managers?

      Some research __47__ the idea that women bring different attitudes and skills to management jobs, such as greater __48__, an emphasis on affiliation and attachment, and a __49__ to bring emotional factors to bear __50__ making workplace decisions. These differences are __51_ to carry advantages for companies, __52__ they expand the range of techniques that can be used to __53__ the company manage its workforce __54__.

      A study commissioned by the International Women's Forum discovered a management style used by some women managers (and also by some men) that __55__ from the command-and-control style traditionally used by male managers.

 

46. A. confronted

B. commanded

C. confined

D. committed

47. A. supports

B. argues

C. opposes

D. despises

48. A. combination

B. cooperativeness

C. coherence

D. correlation

49. A. willingness

B. loyalty

C. sensitivity

D. virtue

50. A. by

B. in

C. at

D. with

51. A. disclosed

B. watched

C. revised

D. seen

52. A. therefore

B. whereas

C. because

D. nonetheless

53. A. help

B. enable

C. support

D. direct

54. A. evidently

B. precisely

C. aggressively

D. effectively

55. A. derives

B. differs

C. descends

D. detaches

 

Part V: Text Completion (20 minutes, 20 points)

Directions: In this part, there are three short texts. For each text, you should first fill in blank in the choices A, B, C (and D) with the best answer provided in the rectangle. Then complete the text itself by filling in each of the blanks with the completed A, or B, or C (or D). Write your answer on the Answer Sheet.

 

Text One:

 

     lead       justified           to

 

A. half the responders admitted (56)_________

B. high levels of consumption may (57)_________ to

C. concerns may be (58)____________

 

 

In a global survey released in 2012, (59)__________________ buying things they really did not need. Two thirds are worried that consumers are buying too much. Such _(60)______________. Many consumers have become trapped in debt. Researchers say that instead of making us more satisfied, (61)______________________ greater stress and unhappiness!

 

Text Two:

 

Out of    with   as

 

A. associated (62)__________ treating these diseases

B. four (63) _________ 10 Americans will be

C. defined (64)__________ roughly 30 or more pounds over a healthy weight

 

Nearly (65)_______________________- obese within five years if people keep packing on pounds at the current rate--putting their health at risk, says one of the nation's top obesity researchers. Currently, about 31%, or about 59 million people, are obese, which is (66)__________________________. The medical costs (67)________________will strain the health care sys-tem and economy in the years to come, experts say.

 

Text Three:

 

stand   When  out  believed  

 

A. or else died (68) ______________

B. a time (69) ____________ a great mass of ice came down gradually from the north

C. It is (70)___________ that this began

D. could not (71) ____________new colder conditions

 

The great Ice Age, or Glacial Period, was (72) ____________________________and covered parts of the world. (73)__________________________nearly 1,000,000 years ago. The Glacial period still remains in Antarctica and Greenland. When the Ice Age came, animals which (74)  _______________________were forced to migrate to the warmer regions, (75) _____________________.

 

 

Part VI Translation (20 minutes, 10 points)

Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese. Write your translation on the ANSWER SHEET.

 

Human friend may come and go, but a horse could be one of your most loyal, long-term friends if you treat it right. Horses understand words better than expected, since horses can hear the human voice better than even dogs can, due to their particular range of hearing. And scientists predict that trainers could have greater success if they use more verbal commands in their horse training programs.

Horses possess excellent memories, which allow horses to not only recall their human friends after a long period of separation but also to remember some complex human instructions for ten years or more. The bonds with humans are likely an extension of horse behavior in the wild, since horses value their own horse relatives and friends, and are also open to new, non-threatening acquaintances. Horses stay with members of their family group, but they also interact temporarily with members of other groups when forming herds.

 

 

PartWriting (30 minutes, 15 points)

 

Directions: In this part, you are to write within 30 minutes a composition of no less than 150 words under the title of “How to Live a Happy Life”. The clues given below are reference only,Not to follow as outline for your composition. Please remember to write it clearly on the COMPOSITION SHEET.

 

1. 什么样的生活是幸福的生活,理由是。。。

2. 如何获得幸福的人生

模考一参考答案

Oral communication

(1)     (1)C.  (2) A.  (3) B.

(2)     (4) B.  (5) C.  (6) A.

(3)     (7)B   (8) C    (9) D   (10) A

 

Vocabulary

11-15 A  A  B  C  B

16-20 C  B  C  A  B

 

Reading comprehension

21-25     B A D A B

26-30     D D D C A

31-35     C D A A C

36-40     C A B D D

41-45  A C D A B

 

Cloze

46-55  D A B A B  D C A D B 

 

Text Completion

56 to   57 lead    58 justified

59-61  A  C  B

 

62 with   63 out of    64 as

65-67 B  C  A

 

68 out   69 when   70 believed   71 stand

72-75 B  C  D  A

 

参考翻译

 

人类的朋友会来来去去,但是一匹马确会成为你最忠实的朋友. 马儿们理解单词比我们预期还要好。因为马匹由于其特殊的听觉范围,可以比狗更好地能听到人的声音。科学家预测,培训师可以获得更大的成功,如果他们在他们的马训练程序使用更多的口头命令。

 

马拥有极好的记忆,这允许马不仅在长时间的分离之后回忆起他们的人类朋友,还能记得一些复杂的、十年或更长时间以前的人类指令。马与人类的紧密联系可能是马在野外行为的一种延续,因为马匹珍惜自己的马亲戚和马朋友,也乐于接受没有威胁的新相识。马会陪伴他们的家人团体,但他们也会暂时与其他群体的成员进行互动。

 

Writing (略)

 

 

 

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